By Shuanfan Huang
Chinese Grammar at Work adopts a cognitive-functional method and makes use of a corpus-based method to check how chinese language syntax emerges from traditional discourse context and what the evolving grammar at paintings appears like. during this quantity the writer weaves jointly an array of clean views on clause constitution, structures, interactional linguistics, cognitive technology and complicated dynamic structures to build a grammar of spoken chinese language. the amount includes discussions of a giant variety of themes: contiguity relation, the jobs of fix recommendations within the shaping of constituent constitution, non-canonical observe order buildings, pragmatics of referring expressions, classifier buildings, noun-modifying structures, verb complementation, ethnotheory of the individual and buildings particular to the language of emotion, sequential sensitivity of linguistic fabrics, which means strength in interplay, the character of variability and balance in chinese language syntax from the viewpoint of complexity conception. the result's a quantity that highlights the connections among language constitution, located and embodied nature of cognition and language use, and gives a real entrée to the interesting realm of chinese language grammar.
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Zou guoqu zhihou ne,_ walk past afterwards fp ‘After he passed, 22 ... lingwai yige xiao nanhai ta jiu qizhe– another one little boy 3s jiu ride there comes a little boy who is riding a ... 23 ... over crs a bi–.. ’ 25 ta jiu zouguo– .. peasant de ladder below ‘And he rides to the bottom of the peasant’s ladder, 26 ... ta jiu tingxialai. ’ 28 .. ’ 29 ... ’ Chapter 2. The dynamics of the clausal structure 30 .. yuanben= jiu xiang.. ’ 32 .. houlai.. qi le tannian. \ then ba bicycle put pfv down ‘He puts down his bike,’ 34 ..
Affairs exist _______________________________________ And then he keeps pestering the spiritual medium, hoping that she would go look for his girl friend. The medium cannot take it no more and so agrees to come forward and look for his girl friend. However, his girl friend just does not believe that after we die there is a soul lingering around in the world. Just over half of the IUs in this fragment end with an equal sign(=). This indicates that the preceding segment is lengthened prosodically.
It is also important to observe that final connectives, those that appear in IU-final position, are invariably grammaticization of the diachronically earlier construction comprised of the nominalizer/relativizer (zhi, de) and the head noun of a modifying adverbial clause (hou, hua, shihou). ), and that language is often polysystemic in structure – there are IU-initial, IUmedial as well as IU-final connectives in Mandarin. In broad terms we can then distinguish four types of ‘connectives’: those that occur preferentially in IU-initial position; those that only occur in medial position (basically the jiu words, reflecting their verbal origin); those that occur in IU-final position (basically the subordinate connectives); and independent connectives.
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