By Paul Rouzer

40 classes designed to introduce starting scholars to the fundamental styles and buildings of Classical chinese language are taken from a few pre-Han and Han texts chosen to provide scholars a grounding in exemplary Classical chinese language type. extra classes use texts from later sessions to assist scholars enjoy the alterations in written chinese language over the centuries. every one lesson involves a textual content, a vocabulary record that includes discussions of that means and utilization, causes of grammar, and explications of inauspicious passages. the normal smooth chinese language, eastern, and Korean pronunciations are indicated for every personality, making this a studying software for local audio system of these languages to boot. Appendices supply feedback for additional readings, evaluation universal and critical phrases, clarify the unconventional procedure, and supply jap kanbun readings for all of the choices. Glossaries of all vocabulary goods and pronunciation indexes for contemporary chinese language and Korean also are integrated.

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Additional resources for A New Practical Primer of Literary Chinese (Harvard East Asian Monographs)

Sample text

J: sen セン, asai あさい M: qiǎn K: cheon 천 C: chín Shallow. As can the English word for this meaning, this character can be used literally (“shallow water”) or metaphorically (“shallow feelings”). Radical 85 (水). 89. 魚 M: yú j: gyo ギョ, uo うお, sakana さかな K: eo 어 Fish. Radical 195 (魚). 90. 逃 M: táo J: tō トウ, nigeru にげる To flee, to escape. K: do 도 C: tòuh C: yùh Radical 162 (辵). 91. 樹 J: ju ジュ, ki き M: shù K: su 수 C: syuh 1. Tree* 2. To plant [a tree], to establish. Radical 75 (木). 92. 高 M: gāo J: kō コウ, takai たかい K: go 고 C: gōu J: chō チョウ, tori とり K: jo 조 C: níuh High, lofty.

10. 民無行慈惠之謀。 PRACTICE: Put the following into literary Chinese: 1. A wise ruler who talks about virtue 2. A difficult principle that goes against the family 3. An era that obeys the gentleman 4. An angry son who loses benevolence 5. A good man who governs with compassion 6. The people speak about a ruler who governs his country. 7. Filial sons obtain reward from a Heaven that follows the Way. 8. Unfilial rulers go against wise men who possess righteousness. 3. The conjunction 而: This is an extremely vague word that usually connects two verbs.

Sometimes it is obvious, because no other reading would make any sense. , the ale), the next sentence jumps to 管仲’s act of pouring out half of the ale. , "caused my uncle to sit"]. , “caused the ale to go"]. 公趨其臣方令家。The duke hurried his minister off to his house. 臣出其計。The minister produced his plans. 4. 曰 and direct speech; also, verbal descriptives for speech. Because literary Chinese had very little punctuation (if any) and no equivalent for quotation marks, indicating direct speech can be rather confusing.

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