By Geoff Rayner-Canham

British chemistry has generally been depicted as a exclusively male pastime. notwithstanding, this angle is unfaithful: the attract of chemistry has attracted girls because the earliest occasions. regardless of the boundaries put of their course, ladies studied educational chemistry from the Eighties onwards and made fascinating or major contributions to their fields, but they're almost absent from historic records.Comprising a different set of biographies of a hundred of the 900 identified ladies chemists from 1880 to 1949, this paintings makes an attempt to handle the imbalance by means of showcasing the choice of those ladies to outlive and flourish in an atmosphere ruled through males. person biographical money owed interspersed with modern charges describe how ladies overcame the limitations of secondary and tertiary schooling, and of admission to expert societies. even though those girls are misplaced to ancient documents, they're introduced jointly the following for the 1st time to teach vivid tradition of lady chemists did certainly exist in Britain throughout the overdue nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

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Lucy Hall and Ida Grünbaum, Science Lecturers at Avery Hill (Teachers’) Training College, Eltham, supported Smithells64; while Hilda J. Hartle (see Chap. 13) of Homerton College, Cambridge, pointed out: “The science of cookery and of laundry work is yet in its infancy. No literature of the subject exists. ”65 Six months later, Hartle wrote a scathing attack66 on a book of domestic science written by R. H. ”66 Though most women science educators favoured the pure classical sciences, there were a few who argued for a hybrid solution, one being Margaret Seward (Mrs.

Fortey (see Chap. 5): The review in your August number of Mrs. qxd 9/8/2008 9:37 AM Page 33 Getting an Education 33 university, or if she wanted to become a doctor. ”72 In the end, with the antipathy of most of the women science teachers, domestic science ceased to be an acceptable alternative science subject for girls. 60 The high-school debate was over. University for Women? Looking back at the late 19th century, it is astonishing to see how quickly the battle moved from the question of the admission of girls to secondary school education to that of university education.

30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 45 (1958). Henry Edward Armstrong, 1848–1937. The Doyen of British Chemists and Pioneer of Technical Education. Butterworths Scientific Publications, London, p. 272. Hahn, G. (November 1897). A visit to Holloway College. Our Magazine: North London Collegiate School for Girls 17: 107–110. ” (December 1912). Science tea. ): 89–90. Copies of The Searchlight, NLCS Student Magazine for Science, survive for 1911–1912, 1912–1913, and 1913–1914 (NLCS Archives, RS 4iv). See also: A Short History of Science at North London Collegiate School, unpublished, NLCS Archives.

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