By Roland B. Dixon
With 28 illustrations, this is often an anthropological examine of Oceana, with chapters overlaying Polynesia, Melanesia, Indonesia, Micronesia, and Australia. "IN the next pages we will search to offer an overview of the mythology of the Oceanic peoples. even if yes features of the mythic process of this sector, in addition to the myths of separate parts of it, were taken care of by means of others, the current author doesn't comprehend of any fresh endeavour to collect all on hand fabrics from the complete zone, or to debate the connection of the mythologies of some of the parts of Oceania to each other, and to the adjoining lands. The try has been made to move over all of the myths of worthy which were released; however it isn't most unlikely that important and critical fabric has been overlooked."
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With 28 illustrations, this is often an anthropological learn of Oceana, with chapters protecting Polynesia, Melanesia, Indonesia, Micronesia, and Australia. "IN the next pages we will search to offer an overview of the mythology of the Oceanic peoples. even though convinced features of the mythic method of this quarter, in addition to the myths of separate parts of it, were taken care of via others, the current author doesn't recognize of any fresh endeavour to assemble all to be had fabrics from the complete quarter, or to debate the connection of the mythologies of a number of the parts of Oceania to each other, and to the adjoining lands.
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Hence the origin of the dew, this; being the tears of Raki weeping for Papa. Raki again said to Papa, 'O old woman! live where you are. ' This is the origin of ice. Then Papa spoke words of farewell to Raki, and said, 'O old man! go, O Raki! ' Hence the origin of mist, or the love of Papa for Raki. "When the two had ended their words of farewell, Paia uplifted Raki, and Tane placed his toko (pole)… between Papa and Raki. ' Such were the words shouted by the innumerable men (beings) from above in approval of the acts of Tane and Paia; but that burst of applause was mostly in recognition of Tane's having disconnected the heaven, and propped up its sides, and made them stable.
In the New Zealand myths the underworld deity from whom Maui secures fire is described as an old woman, whereas in practically all the other portions of Polynesia where the myth is found this divinity is male-a distinction which is possibly signifi- cant in view of the fact that in Melanesia we find an old woman as the owner or guardian of fire, from whom it is stolen or by whom it is given to mankind. Again, when Maui asks PLATE VII Wooden figure representing an ancestor or possibly some minor deity.
That, to accomplish his purpose, Maui must pass through into the world of night or death and then return, for thus, and thus only, could man survive the coming fate. In his attempt he succeeds in the first portion of the self-appointed task, yet is caught and killed just as the victory is all but gained. Although this is one of the favourite tales of Maui in New Zealand, there are variant recensions of his attempt to secure immortality for man, and these have considerable interest because, like that just discussed, they seem to be confined to New Zealand and to show unmistakable relationship to the tales of other areas.
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