By Jun Xu
This booklet is meant to handle scholars, researchers and academics of spoken language. It offers an empirical learn of task-oriented language facts within which coparticipants demonstrate degrees of recipiency via reactive tokens. An in-depth research of exhibiting recipiency is of curiosity basically to dialog analysts and pragmaticians concerned with the learn on talk-in-interaction normally and Mandarin chinese language conversations particularly. The communicative element makes this e-book correct to the components of language use. whereas earlier learn has proven that one unmarried reactive token has various discourse services in numerous conversational environments, this learn indicates that contributors’ collaborative orientation to every other’s prestige of displayed recipiency turns out decisive for the choice of reactive tokens, instead of one particular reactive token being hired for particular conversational reasons in various interactional contexts. This publication additionally contributes to fields in linguistics, pragmatics, and sociology which focus on the research of spontaneous human communique.
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Extra resources for Displaying Recipiency: Reactive tokens in Mandarin task-oriented interaction
24 A: Uh [huh, 25 B: [Uh huh, According to Schegloff (1996b), B does not repeat A’s candidate understanding based on their foregoing discussions. Rather, B deploys the agreement token ‘yes’ (line 23). Schegloff (1996b) argues that confirmation is different from agreement. By using an agreement token instead of a confirmatory repeat, B avoids the “one-upmanship” that might have been heard to be associated with the repeat. e. : 199), among others. This excerpt thus provides empirical evidence to show that a repeat can be heard or treated as more involved or engaged at the level of interpersonal relationships than a reactive expression such as ‘yes’ (see Chapter 5).
12 A: → Mm hm. In Schegloff ’s (1982) view, A, as the uninformed recipient, confines his contribution to the ongoing talk by deploying ‘uh:: uh’ and ‘mm hm’ (lines 04, 08 and 10). B appears to hold the floor and act as the epistemic authority or primacy on the topic under discussion. e. backchannel) remains constant in this instance but the token form alternates between ‘uh huh’ (line 04) and ‘mm hm’ (lines 08 and 10). In general, ‘uh huh’ in conversation has two basic uses (Schegloff, 1982: 88).
I’ve I’ve stopped crying uhhuh-heh-heh-heh-heh-heh, Wuh were you cry:::ing? As Jefferson (1984b) notes, S sends out laughter tokens (line 04) after producing a negative statement (line 02), along with an assertion. However, G fails to join in the laughing activity. Rather, G raises a further question concerning S’s trouble. Next, Excerpt (16) below illustrates a collaborative laughter: the recipient joins in the laughing activity initiated by the trouble teller. (16) From Jefferson 1984b: 348–349 01 D: I thought that was pretty outta sight didju hear 02 me say are you a junkie.
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