By Stefanie Stockhorst

On condition that the dissemination of enlightened concept in Europe was once more often than not effected via translations, the current number of essays specializes in how its cultural variation happened in a number of nationwide contexts. For the 1st time, the theoretical version of 'cultural move' (Espagne/Werner) is utilized to the eighteenth century: The intercultural dynamics of the Enlightenment develop into show up within the transformation technique among the unique and goal cultures, be it in terms of acculturation, artistic enhancement, or false impression. leading to shifts of which means, translations supply a key not only to modern translation perform yet to the discursive community of the ecu Enlightenment ordinarily. The case reports united right here discover either how translations contributed to the transnational standardisation of yes key innovations, values and texts, and the way they replicate nationwide requirements of enlightened discourses. therefore, the amount contributes to Enlightenment reviews, at the least up to to historic translation reports.

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Extra resources for Cultural Transfer through Translation. The Circulation of Enlightened Thought in Europe by Means of Translation. (Internationale Forschungen Zur Allgemeinen & Vergleichenden Literaturwissenschaft)

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For example, Reynolds drew from Charles Alphonse Du Fresnoy’s Art of Painting, which he also annotated in William Mason’s translation, as well as from leading British scholars and prominent thinkers of the century such as his friend Samuel Johnson, James Beattie, and Anthony Ashley Cooper, third Earl of Shaftesbury. 7 The fact that Dryden also translated Du Fresnoy’s De Arte Graphica and added a prefix dating back to 1695 clearly illustrates a neoclassical interest in common with Reynolds, encompassing simplicity of style and ‘chaste models of antiquity’ for the art of painting.

4. 5. 6. For the Dissertation, see Histoire de l’Académie royale des sciences et belles lettres, année 1754 (Berlin, Haude & Spener, 1756), p. 349-364; the Réflexions is available in Sur l’origine du langage, ed. Ronald Grimsley (Geneva 1971), p. 27-46. On the debate between Maupertuis and Turgot on the origin of language, see Avi S. Lifschitz, ‘Language as the key to the epistemological labyrinth: Turgot’s changing view of human perception’, Historiographia linguistica 31 (2004), p. 345-365. ’ Jean-Jacques Rousseau, ‘Discours sur l’origine et les fondements de l’inégalité parmi les hommes’, in Discours sur l’origine et les fondements de l’inégalité parmi les hommes; Discours sur les sciences et les arts, ed.

18. Michaelis, Deutsche Uebersetzung, p. lviii-lx. 36 Avi S. Lifschitz sistence on a critical distance overshadowed Michaelis’s more conforming gestures towards a middle way between ‘slavish loyalty’ and ‘germanisation’ in translation. For Michaelis, the translator’s originality consisted in conveying in German the foreignness of the source, not in making it sound as if it had initially been a German composition. 19 This notion was accompanied in Michaelis’s works with a qualitative assessment of European vernaculars.

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