By Marius Crisan

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Extra resources for Convergence and Hybrid Information Technologies

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In this context, the proposed dynamic approach tries to answer several fundamental questions (Crisan, 2008; Crisan, 2009b). One is Convergence towards a Dynamic Theory of Linguistics and Semantics 25 about the formation of meaning. A word is composed of phonemes which are individually uttered by the speaker and individually perceived by the hearer. If the component phonemes of a word are distinct elements in the process of word uttering and perception, how can these distinct elements be cognized as a whole so that the meaning of the word is understood as a resulting composite phoneme-unit?

Later, the scientific study of language became known as linguistics. Its main theoretical purpose is the construction of a general theory of the structure of language (grammar) and the study of meaning (semantics) (Aronoff & Rees-Miller, 2003; Fromkin, 2000). Linguistics tries to discover the common elements of all languages or the universals and devise a predictive scientific theory of them. The applied linguistics involves the application of the theory to practical tasks such as language teaching and learning, linguistic competence, and communication (Cook, 2003; Davies & Elder, 2004) The early attempts in linguistics were oriented towards an idealistic conception of language.

Two approaches have been proposed for modeling the formation of word’s dynamics based on individual phonemes, and the simulation results proved successfully in both cases. At the sentence level, the sentence-meaning is conveyed as a whole and not as the summation of the individual words. This is the result of a cognitive process of assigning cognitive properties by the speaker in order to form a grammatical and meaning-bearing sentence. A competent hearer can extract these cognitive properties of a sentence in a similar cognitive process.

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