By Haihua Pan

First released in 1997. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa corporation.

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Extra resources for Constraints on Reflexivization in Mandarin Chinese

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Xu 1990, Huang and Tang 1991, Pan 1991,Yu 1991, Chou 1992, Y. Li 1992, L. Xu 1993, 1994, Cole and Sung 1994, Y. Huang 1994, Xue, Sag and Pollard 1994. -H Huang (1984) and Tang (1989). They suggest that the generalization is that a noun phrase outside its GC can be the antecedent of ziji only if all the intervening subjects agree in person features. 5, is not that any intervening subject can block ziji from being bound to an antecedent outside its GC, but that only first/second person NPs can, no matter what functions they carry.

The first ta-ziji in (14) has the matrix subject as its antecedent, but the second has as its antecedent the empty subject pro, controlled by the matrix subject of the higher clause. Ta-ziji, in (15), also finds the subject of the higher clause as its antecedent. The reflexive in the relative clause can even skip the human subject of the higher clause and find its antecedent in the previous conjunct. In (16), ta-ziji is the subject of the relative clause indicated by the bracketed S, but its antecedent is the object of the first conjunct; the higher empty subject pronoun pro of the second conjunct, controlled by wo 'I' of the first conjunct, is skipped.

Note that there are some minor changes in the English translation. 12 This type of sentence — with two embeddings — rarely appears in spoken or written texts in Chinese. I have not found a single case in the textual search. I discuss it only because it is discussed in the literature of Chinese linguistics. 13 Actually, the intermediate subject of the sentences given in Huang and Tang (1991) can indeed bind ziji. They also note in their footnote 4 that speakers' judgements vary on whether the intermediate subject can be an antecedent of ziji.

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