By Eliezer Ben-Rafael, Yitzak Sternberg

The authors of this quantity discover the tensions and dilemmas that influence pluralism and homogeneity in sleek societies. this is often the 1st paintings during this box within which the body of dialogue is a comparative civilizational research. It makes a speciality of concerns which are on the middle of the modern human adventure and tradition. The members to this ebook, well known students from around the world, take on those matters through touching on varied temporal and spatial settings. This publication is in homage to Shmuel Noah Eisenstadt. We honor his ground-breaking paintings within the comparative examine of modernities and civilizations.

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Extra resources for Comparing Modernities: Pluralism Versus Homogenity. Essays in Homage to Shmuel N. Eisenstadt (International Comparative Social Studies 10)

Example text

This reflexivity focused not only on the possibility of different interpretations of the transcendental visions and basic ontological conceptions prevalent in a society or societies, but came to question the very givenness of such 2 James D. Faubion, 1993, pp. 113–115.

Modernity and pluralism A modernizing and globalizing world witnesses the growing importance of the pluralism-versus-homogeneity dilemma within individual contemporary societies. A dilemma that engenders new social patterns, modes of action and identities, and which also implies tensions between divergent forces, strife and destruction. How to “arrange” pluralism and construct it is thus by no means a simple issue, and different strategies involve a diversity of costs and benefits. Pluralism, Werblowsky reminds us, primarily refers to an ideological attitude that admits the fact of plurality.

Acculturation may even lead to assimilation when individuals accede to higher-status positions and are tempted by distancing themselves from their group of origin in order to better integrate new milieus. Such processes, however, are by no means unrelated to the viewpoint characterizing the societal center that may either encourage or on the contrary hamper processes leading to homogeneity. In this latter case, it is that which supports, from the “above”, the retention, nay even institutionalization, of pluralism regarding at least, some of the groups in presence.

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