By Charles Sanders Peirce

Probability, Love, and common sense includes books by means of Charles Sanders Peirce (1839–1914) that are between his most crucial and generally influential. the 1st is Illustrations of the good judgment of technological know-how. the outlet chapters, “The Fixation of trust” and “How to Make Our principles Clear,” mark the start of pragmatism. the second one provides Peirce’s cutting edge and influential essays on medical metaphysics.

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Additional info for Chance, Love, and Logic: Philosophical Essays

Sample text

Robin, Richard S. 1967. Annotated Catalogue of the Papers of Charles S. Peirce. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press. , ed. *1995. A Thief of Peirce. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi. Turrisi, Patricia Ann, ed. *1997. Pragmatism as a Principle and Method of Right Thinking. Albany: State University of New York Press. Notes 1. See Eisele's two editions of PeirceNew Elements of Mathematics and Historical Perspectives, plus her essays collected by Martin in Studies. 2. The book on photometry is P 118.

But the feeling that certain conclusions follow from these premises is conditioned by an implicit or explicit belief in some guiding principle which connects the premises and the conclusions. When such a leading principle results in true conclusions in all cases of true premises, we have logical deduction of the orthodox Page xl type. If, however, such a principle brings about a true conclusion only in a certain proportion of cases, then we have probability. This reduction of probability to the relative frequency of true propositions in a class of propositions, was suggested to Peirce by Venn's Logic of Chance.

It is not altogether accidental that, since Boole and DeMorgan, those who have occupied themselves with symbolic logic have felt called upon to deal with the problem of probability. , of values I and o) of the logic of probable inference whose values range all the way between these two limits. This technical device is itself the result of applying the principle of continuity to throw two hitherto distinct types of reasoning into the same class. The result is philosophically significant. Where the classical logic spoke of major and minor premises without establishing any really important difference between the two, Peirce draws a distinction between the premises and the guiding principle of our argument.

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