By Pierre Wagner (auth.)

The publication contains a chain of chapters on Carnap's excellent of explication in its place to the naturalistic conceptions of technological know-how, atmosphere it in its old context, discussing particular circumstances of explications, and enriching the on-going debate on conceptual engineering and naturalism in analytic philosophy.

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Additional info for Carnap’s Ideal of Explication and Naturalism

Sample text

Moreover, again in line with Carnap (1928b/2003, §7), being is understood in the sense of conceivable (in distinction to actual ) testability,16 ‘for this being constituted consists in nothing other than in the circumstance that access is possible ideally, not necessarily actually ’ (Becker 1928–29, p. 371 note 1; cf. also Poser 2005, pp. 73–4). Becker, like Carnap, attempts a pragmatic answer to the ontological question of the meaning of existence; however, unlike Carnap, he does so not in a merely technical sense.

42). Such (in a broad sense) idealistic positions include neo-Kantianism and Husserl’s phenomenology, but also Heidegger’s existential ontology, which is ‘epistemologically dependent upon the latter’. Thyssen even goes as far as labeling Husserl’s epistemology ‘the most subtle form of neo-Kantianism’, probably because of its transcendental turn. These assessments are problematic (or at least in need of explanation), but I will not be concerned with them here. , p. 43). , p. 41). However, he seems to take it for granted that such thinking through aims at a propositional decision between the alternatives on a higher level of argumentation – that is, at judging each alternative as true or false.

Cf. Friedman (2000, pp. ) on the relation of Carnap and Heidegger to neo-Kantianism, and on Heidegger’s position with respect to Dilthey’s Lebensphilosophie. Gabriel (2004) treats the influence of Lebensphilosophie on Carnap. 2. This influence can be recognized even in terminological details. For example, Carnap uses the term ‘phenomenalism’ to refer to Kant’s transcendental philosophy in Carnap (1928a/2003, §175). This use of the term is very unusual, because normally it is used to refer to Mach’s sensualistic monism.

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