By Heinz Mehlhorn (auth.), Sven Klimpel, Heinz Mehlhorn (eds.)
This e-book gathers contributions by means of sixteen overseas authors at the phenomenon “bats,” laying off a few gentle on their morphology, the feeding behaviors (insects, culmination, blood) of alternative teams, their capability and proven transmissions of brokers of illnesses, their endo- and ectoparasites, in addition to numerous myths surrounding their way of life (e.g. vampirism, chupacabras, batman etc.).
Bats were recognized in several cultures for a number of thousand centuries, in spite of the fact that their nocturnal actions have made them mysterious and resulted in many legends and myths, whereas confirmed evidence remained scarce. Even at the present time, our wisdom of bats continues to be restricted in comparison to different teams within the animal state. additionally, their well-known skill to prevent collisions with stumbling blocks in the course of their nightly flights with the aid of a worldly and distinctive procedure utilizing ultrasound waves (which are transmitted and got) is as poorly studied as birds discovering their method from continent to continent. lately, the place globalization transports hundreds of thousands of individuals and items from one finish of the earth to the opposite, there are elevated dangers posed via brokers of illnesses, due to which bats have got expanding cognizance as capability vectors. those suppositions are in accordance with their confirmed transmission of viruses resembling rabies.
In committed chapters, the ebook addresses the subsequent topics:
• the area of bats
• The impressive morphology of bats
• Bats as strength reservoir hosts for vector-borne diseases
• Bat endoparasites
• Macroparasites – ectoparasites
• Glimpses into how bats fly
• Blood-licking bats
• Vampirism in medication and culture
• Chupacabras and “goat milkers”
• Myths on candiru
As such, this publication offers a huge diversity of knowledge for all non-experts attracted to organic issues, but additionally for individuals operating during this box, in addition to physicians and veterinarians who're faced with scientific situations, and for academics and scholars attracted to increasing their wisdom of biology and of earlier and current cultures.
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Extra info for Bats (Chiroptera) as Vectors of Diseases and Parasites: Facts and Myths
Trials to eradicate bats—especially vampire bats—by destruction of their roosting places and by deployment of agents such as coumarin being applied on cattle limited the numbers of all bats. 22 V. Walldorf and H. Mehlhorn Vaccination of cattle as well as downsizing the droves appears to be a better attempt in controlling rabies. In Europe, vaccination of red foxes against rabies was successfully started in Switzerland 1978. In 1983, Germany succeeded with its vaccination program and stopped rabies practically everywhere in recent times.
Html Jones JK, Genoway HH (1970) Chiroptera systematics. In: Slaughter RH, Walton DW (eds) About bats: a chiropteran symposium. Southern Methodist University Press, Dallas, TX, pp 3–21 Lawlor TE (1979) Handbook of the orders and families of living mammals. , subsequent edition, 330 pp Lyman CP (1970) Thermoregulation and metabolism in bats, p. 301-330. In: Wimsatt WA (ed) Biology of bats. Academic, New York, NY Maywald A, Pott B (1988) Flederma¨use: Leben, Gefa¨hrdung, Schutz. Ravensburger Buchverlag Ott Maier GmbH MMWR (2011) Human rabies from exposure to a vampire bat in Mexico—Louisiana, 2010.
2007). Nearly 1,000 species are found worldwide, except in the northern and southern polar areas, representing approximately 20 % of all mammalian species (Omatsu et al. 2007; Teeling et al. 2005). Chiroptera can be divided into the two suborders Megachiroptera (old world fruit bats) and Microchiroptera (echolocating bats) (Jones et al. 2002). Analysis of 17 nuclear genes dated the origin of chiropterans up to 50 million years ago (Calisher et al. 2006). One major lineage of Microchiroptera was traced to Laurasia and one to Gondwana (Teeling et al.
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