By Peter Kowey, Gerald Naccarelli

Filling a niche within the literature, this all-encompassing reference explores the epidemiology, mechanisms, and pathophysiology of atrial traumatic inflammation and compiles the most recent diagnostic and remedy practices for sufferer care. The e-book summarizes the latest advances in symptom reduction, drug improvement, equipment administration, and long term regulate of center rhythm abnormalities and stories the newest reviews at the prevention of stroke and different thromboembolic occasions in sufferers with valvular and nonvalvular atrial traumatic inflammation. ultimately, it deals new recommendations to enhance the remedy and results of sufferers struggling with the myriad of issues linked to atrial traumatic inflammation.

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Extra info for Atrial Fibrillation (Fundamental and Clinical Cardiology)

Example text

9. 12 Wang and Benjamin the most consistent predictor of AF (10,51,52). 5 times the risk of developing AF compared with individuals in the lowest quartile of left atrial diameter (V35 mm) after adjusting for age and sex (51). 4-fold increase in the risk of AF for every 5 mm increase in left atrial diameter. An effect of similar magnitude was observed in the Cardiovascular Health Study cohort (10). Investigators from the Mayo Clinic reported that left atrial volume, using a biplane area length method, predicted the development of AF over and above left atrial diameter (52).

Osman F, Gammage MD, Sheppard MC, Franklyn JA. Clinical review 142: cardiac dysrhythmias and thyroid dysfunction: the hidden menace? J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2002; 87:963–967. 50. Sawin CT, Geller A, Wolf PA, Belanger AJ, Baker E, Bacharach P, et al. Low serum thyrotropin concentrations as a risk factor for atrial fibrillation in older persons. N Engl J Med 1994; 331:1249–1252. 51. Vaziri SM, Larson MG, Benjamin EJ, Levy D. Echocardiographic predictors of nonrheumatic atrial fibrillation. The Framingham Heart Study.

The most common sites of embolism were the upper and lower extremities (61%), followed by the mesenteric arteries (29%), the pelvic arteries (9%), the aorta (7%), and the renal arteries (2%). C. AF and Dementia Several recent studies have reported that AF may be a risk factor for dementia. Investigators from the Rotterdam Study noted that dementia was approximately twice as common in individuals with AF than in those without AF (23). This association did not appear attributable to differences in age, cardiovascular risk factors, or prior stroke.

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