By Richard Xiao †, Tony McEnery
Chinese language, as a side language, has performed an incredible function within the improvement of point idea. This e-book is a scientific and established exploration of the linguistic units that Mandarin chinese language employs to specific aspectual meanings. The paintings awarded here's the 1st corpus-based account of element in chinese language, encompassing either state of affairs element and perspective element. In utilizing corpus information, the ebook seeks to accomplish a wedding among theory-driven and corpus-based ways to linguistics. The corpus-based version provided explores point at either the semantic and grammatical degrees. on the semantic point a two-level version of scenario element is proposed, which covers either the lexical and sentential degrees, therefore giving a greater account of the compositional nature of state of affairs element. on the grammatical point 4 perfective and 4 imperfective facets in chinese language are explored intimately. This exploration corrects many intuition-based misconceptions, and linked deceptive conclusions, approximately element in chinese language universal within the literature.
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Additional resources for Aspect In Mandarin Chinese: A Corpus-based Study (Studies in Language Companion Series)
5). Hence the review in this section focuses on models of situation aspect in general rather than speciWc to Chinese. While the earliest literature on aspectual classiWcation dates as far back as Aristotle, modern approaches to situation aspect are normally considered to start with Vendler (1967), who proposed a four-way aspectual classiWcation based on the verb classes ‘STAte’, ‘ACTivity’, ‘ACComplishment’ and ‘ACHievement’ as well as linguistic criteria to diVerentiate between these verb classes.
10 For a non-stative situation, such an overlap relation is not possible. The accessibility test, however, seems to be more eVective in testing durativity rather than dynamicity, because any durative situation, whether stative or dynamic, will meet the test. 2 [±Durative] [±Durative] as a feature relies on the contrast between a [+durative] situation which “lasts for a certain period of time (or at least, is conceived of as lasting for a certain period of time)” (Comrie 1976:41) and a [–durative] situation which “does not last in time (or at least is not conceived as lasting in time)” (ibid:41–42).
2). Therefore, in her discussions of Chinese perfective viewpoints (Smith 1988; 1997:263–271), she is involved in an attempt to diVerentiate between “a completive perfective” and “a bounded perfective” (Smith 1988:236) rather than treating the perfective aspect as “a camera lens, allowing a certain view of an event” (Smith 1988:230). In order to resolve this contradiction, Smith argues that perfectives “may emphasise completion or termination rather than the occurrence of an event as a whole” (Smith 1997:72–73).
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