By Sergio Tenenbaum

'We wish all and basically these issues we conceive to be reliable; we steer clear of what we conceive to be bad.' This slogan was the normal view of the connection among hope or motivation and rational assessment. Many critics have rejected this scholastic formulation as both trivial or incorrect. apparently to be trivial if we simply outline the great as 'what we want', and fallacious if we reflect on obvious conflicts among what we appear to wish and what we appear to imagine is nice. In Appearances of the great, Sergio Tenenbaum argues that the outdated slogan is either major and correct, even in situations of obvious clash among our wants and our evaluative decisions. preserving that the nice is the formal finish of useful inquiry in a lot an identical method as fact is the formal finish of theoretical inquiry, he offers a completely unified account of motivation and overview.

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Additional resources for Appearances of the Good: An Essay on the Nature of Practical Reason

Sample text

42 However, intentional explanations often aim to explain actions that the explainer does not think are fully warranted. So these explanations must allow for inferential steps that are invalid and yet, to some extent, intelligible. They must show the agent as making a mistake that is characteristic of a limited rational agent. Thus, intentional explanations partly aim to provide us with a view of why a certain 41 42 If one thinks that an intention, not an action, is the conclusion of practical reason, one would have to replace ‘‘intention’’ with ‘‘action’’ here.

S’s boat but also to acquire a bigger boat for herself or to learn that Ms. S will be prevented from using her boat for various reasons, for example. 44 To place a certain desire within the context of a perspective is to put it in a context in which it is intelligible both that certain things appear good to the agent and that the agent takes certain things to be reasons for certain actions. Placing a desire in the context of its perspective is not, however, to provide a further reason for the agent’s action or to describe a further good pursued by the agent.

This is not an objection, however, to the claim that desires are appearances of the good. In Watson’s case, the reflective judgment takes the appearance to be merely illusory. Similarly, in the realm of theoretical reason, we can distinguish between a consideration that appears to make a claim plausible and a consideration that in fact lends some plausibility to a claim. A consideration pertaining to the former category will not necessarily pertain to the latter. For instance, one often finds appealing the form of reasoning that urges that one is less likely to win the state lottery if one simply chooses the same numbers that were drawn in the previous week, given that it is very unlikely that the same number will be the winning number twice in a row.

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