By Mohammad Ali Salmani-Nodoushan, PhD, Seyyed Mohammad Alavi, PhD

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Extra info for APA Style and Research Report Writing

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This is part of Modern Language Association (MLA) style. Therefore, you need to ask your supervisor about the preferred style. Take the following examples: APA MLA (Jason, 1994, p. 23) (Jason, 1994: 23) Single page: (Jason, 1994, pp. 23-37) (Jason, 1994: 23-37) Consecutive pages: Non-consecutive pages: (Jason, 1994, pp. 23, 27) (Jason, 1994: 23, 27) FOOTNOTES AND QUOTATIONS 43 When the reference is to a work by two authors, cite both names each time the reference appears. Example: Sexual-selection theory often has been used to explore patterns of various insect mating (Alcock & Thornhill, 1983) .

In masters' theses and PhD dissertations, like in books, chapter titles may replace the short title. In addition, footers may be used instead of GENERAL PRESENTATION 25 headers. This is, however, determined by your supervisor or university. So, before deciding to use footers, or chapter titles, ask your supervisor or university authorities which one they prefer. 8. FONT TYPE AND SIZE Normally the font used in APA style is Times New Roman, set in 12 points (the font you are reading right now). The term "font" refers to the appearance of the typed letters.

Parenthetical references may mention more than one work, particularly when ideas have been summarized after drawing from several sources. Multiple citations should be arranged as follows. , (Finch, 1989; Smith, 1983; Tutwiler, 1989). 4. QUOTATIONS APA style instructs writers to document quotations, paraphrases, summaries, and other information from sources as follows: "Document your study throughout the text by citing by author and date the works you used in your research. This style of citation briefly identifies the source for readers and enables them to locate the source of information in the alphabetical reference list at the end of the article" (Publication Manual, p.

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