By Alexander, of Aphrodisias.; Aristotle.; Barnes, Jonathan

In Metaphysics 4 Aristotle discusses the character of metaphysics, the fundamental legislation of common sense, the falsity of subjectivism and the different sorts of ambiguity. the total, transparent statement of Alexander of Aphrodisias in this vital ebook is the following translated into English by means of Arthur Madigan. Alexander is going via Aristotle's textual content virtually line by means of line, getting to the logical series of the arguments, noting locations the place Aristotle's phrases will undergo a couple of interpretation and staining variation readings. He time and again cross-refers to the De Interpretatione, Analytics, Physics and different works of Aristotle, therefore putting Metaphysics 4 within the content material of Aristotle's philosophy as an entire

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Additional info for Alexander of Aphrodisias on Aristotle, Prior analytics 1.1-7

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18 cf. Aristotle, Metaph. 983a5-10; Alexander, in Metaph. 18,5-13. g. Seneca, Ep. 89,5; Sextus, MIX13). 19 Retaining peritton (Wallies prints terpnon with the Aldine). But note that perittos occurs in the following line with the sense of'superfluous'. 20 cf. g. Posidonius, F 90 EK (Seneca, Ep. 88,21-8). 45 1. Preface 21 Then, astronomy, being in a way a subpart of geometry, theorises about divine and natural substances, knowledge of which is in itself noble and valuable. 22 For the fact that geometry deals not only with perceptible things but with things which escape perception and are intelligible is very useful for philosophical theory since the incorporeal and intelligible substances about which philosophers theorise are primary and more valuable than the perceptible substances.

52 15 Geometers are said to analyse when they begin from the conclusion and proceed in order through the assumptions made for the proof of » 46 See Aristotle, Cat. 14a29-35: Alexander alludes to the second of five types of priority there distinguished. ) The tortuous phraseology, which Alexander takes from Aristotle, hides a simple thought: x is prior by nature to y provided that (i) if y exists, then x exists, and (ii) it is not the case that if x exists then y exists. g. Aristotle, Cat. 15a4-7; cf.

6 Alexander means that the inquiry is 'of demonstrative science in the sense that you exercise your demonstrative skills in pursuing it (so too Philoponus, in An. Pr. 9,28-32). But the genitive is certainly objective rather than subjective, and 'of 53 54 Translation 20 given an appropriate reply to each of the questions he proposed. A demonstration is a demonstrative syllogism; and demonstrative science is the disposition by means of which it is possible to syllogize demonstratively - for to speak about demonstrations7 is the mark of demonstrative science and of someone who possesses it.

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